Day 16: Proxy in simple terms
Proxy. Proximity ?
The dictionary definition says it all:
Proxy: a person authorized to act on behalf of another
In our case
A proxy server would be a server that performs requests and receives responses on your behalf.
Since a proxy is an intermediary, it’s bad
Not all intermediaries are bad.
A proxy server won’t charge you more for the same work!
Matter of fact, there are some free and very popular proxy servers like squid.
Types of proxy servers
Transparent proxies identify themselves as proxy servers and pass along your IP address to destination servers.
Hence the word transparent, they’ll show your IP address.
These proxies are usually used by public libraries and schools for content filtering.
Transparent Proxy talking to server: Hey! I’m a proxy server and my client is your ip address
Unlike transparent proxy, an anonymous proxy identifies themselves as proxy servers but they hide your IP address to destination servers.
Anonymous Proxy talking to server: Hey! I’m a proxy server and my client is anonymous.
Anonymous and transparent proxies are opposites but are both proxies.
Forward proxy simply means that we are in a client’s perspective. The forward proxy is in fact a forward facing proxy for the client to send requests to the server.
|Client –> Forward Proxy||<–> INTERNET|
A reverse proxy acts at the Web Servers perspective.
|Web Server –> Reverse Proxy||<–> CLIENTS|
It thus allows:
Load balancing, caching static content, compression on server side, thereby lightening up server load.
Testing out proxy servers
The easiest way to test a proxy server would be through your browser.
You could go to Settings –> Advanced –> Proxy
Or use a simple extension called:
I personally use foxy proxy, for seemless usage of different proxies or disabling proxies altogether.